Parts of Speech in Hindi

Parts of Speech in Hindi (हिंदी) 2021

Hello students, welcome to Vector Tutorials. Today we will learn about Parts of Speech in Hindi. You might be aware of the importance of English at the school and college levels. This language is also essential while preparing for many govt jobs.

Here are some competitive exams that require verbal and written communication skills in English.

  • Bank Jobs (IBPS, SBI, PO, RRB, etc.)
  • SSC
  • UPSC
  • DSSB
  • RAS, HSSC, UPPSC

And the list continues to go on.

Parts of Speech in Hindi

So, let us begin today’s English Grammar topic, which is “Parts of Speech in Hindi.” By the end of this tutorial, you will learn about the basics Parts of Speech Hindi basics. Parts of Speech are critical while learning the English language. I will use a mix of Hindi and English in this tutorial.

काफी students जब भी English सीखना शुरू करते हैं तो सीधे Tenses स् शुरू करते हैं, जो की गलत है। सबसे पहले आपको Sentence तथा उसके Components (Parts of Speech) से शुरूआत करनी चाहिए। आज के इस Tutorial (Parts of Speech Hindi) में हम विभिन्न प्रकार के स्पीच कम्पोनैन्टस के बारे में जानेंगे।

If you are new to English, it is a good idea to start with Parts of Speech. It will let you understand basic ideas about various terms used in English. Many students begin with learning Tenses directly, which is not convenient. First, you must know about the components of a sentence before trying to create one.

What are parts of Speech?

What are Parts of Speech

In English

It is the group of words from which every word is assigned in a sentence in accordance with its function or property. For example, Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Adjectives, Conjunctions, etc., are some of the Parts of Speech used in English.

Or you can simply understand it as some words being used in a sentence or whatever you say. Suppose you have a sentence, “I am going to the market.”

Now, every word you are using in that sentence is a Part of Speech.

Parts of Speech Hindi Mein:

शब्दों का वह समूह, जिससे प्रत्येक शब्द को उसके कार्य या गुण के अनुसार वाक्य में निर्दिष्ट किया जाता है। उदाहरण के लिए, Noun, Pronoun, Verb, Conjunction, आदि अंग्रेजी में उपयोग किए जाने वाले Parts of Speech है

या आप इन्हें अपने द्वारा उपयोग किए जाने वाले वाक्य के कुछ हिस्सों के रूप में समझ सकते हैं।

मान लिजीए, कोई एक वाक्य है – “I am going to the market”.

इस वाक्य में प्रयोग होने वाला हर एक शब्द पार्टस ओफ स्पीच का भाग है।

Related: How to learn English at home?

Parts of Speech Types (प्रकार)

There are eight different Parts of Speech are in the English language. These are divided into four groups.

  • Core
    • Noun (संज्ञा)
    • Pronoun (सर्वनाम)
    • Verb (क्रिया)
  • Joiners
    • Conjunction (संयोजक)
    • Preposition (पूर्वसर्ग संबन्ध सूचक अव्यव)
  • Modifiers
    • Adjective (विशेषण)
    • Adverb (क्रिया विशेषण)
  • Emotive
    • Interjection (विस्‍मयादिबोधक)

Understanding Parts of Speech in Hindi / English

Ok, so now you know what different types of Parts of Speech in English are. Now, let us understand more about them and how you can use those while creating any sentence.

तो चलिए अब देखते हऐं कि पार्टस ओफ स्पीच का वाक्य बनाने में कैसे प्रयोग किया जाता है।

Understanding Core Parts of Speech in Hindi

कोर एक speech का सबसे बुनियादी और महत्वपूर्ण हिस्सा है। कोई भी वाक्य बिना Core के नहीं बन सकता।

As the name suggests, Core is the most basic and important part of a speech. You can’t form any sentence without having the core part. The Core is divided again into three parts which are:

1. Noun (संज्ञा)

The Noun is a word used as the name of any person, a place, a thing, quantity, a state, an action, or any condition of love & time. Noun generally represents the Subject or the Object in a sentence.

संज्ञा एक ऐसा शब्द है जो किसी भी व्यक्ति, स्थान, वस्तु, मात्रा, अवस्था, क्रिया या प्रेम और समय की किसी स्थिति के नाम के रूप में प्रयोग किया जाता है। संज्ञा आम तौर पर एक वाक्य में Subject या Object के बारे में बताती है।

e.g., Kunal writes a poem. 

Kunal is the Noun acting as Subject, and Poem is the Noun acting as Object.

इस वाक्य में Kunal एक Subject है जो कि Object यानि की Poem पर क्रिया कर रहा है।

Types of Nouns

There are 10 types of Nouns, but in general, we consider only 5 types of Nouns. Here are all 10 types of Nouns. You may find only 5 or 3 nouns in most books. The most important nouns are Proper Noun and Common Noun.

  • Proper Noun
  • Common Noun
  • Material Noun
  • bstract Noun
  • Collective Noun
  • Countable Noun
  • Un-Countable Noun
  • Concrete Noun
  • Compound Noun
  • Possessive Noun

2. Pronoun (सर्वनाम)

After Noun, here come another core Parts of Speech. The Pronouns are words which are used in place of Nouns. We cannot use Noun again and again. Hence, a Pronoun replaces the Noun. Sometimes we also refer to Pronouns as substituting words.

सर्वनाम वे शब्द हैं जो की संज्ञा के स्थान पर प्रयोग किए जाते हैं। किसी भी स्पीच में संज्ञा का बार बार प्रयोग उचित नहीं होता है।

e.g., Rohan lives in Rajasthan. He studies in Class X.

Here, “He” is a pronoun that is replacing Rohan.

Types of Pronouns

10 types of Pronouns can be used in Parts of Speech

  • Personal Pronoun: I, we, you, etc.
  • Demonstrative Pronoun: this, that, those
  • Indefinite Pronouns: none, all, somebody
  • Interrogative Pronouns: what, who, whom
  • Relative Pronouns: whom, whose, which
  • Possessive Pronouns: my, mine, his, her
  • Absolute Possessive Pronoun: mine, yours, hers
  • Reciprocal Pronouns: each other, one another
  • Reflexive Pronouns: myself, herself, themselves
  • Emphatic: himself, myself, herself,

Those were the pronouns you can use in Parts of Speech Hindi. We will learn about their uses in upcoming posts.

3. Verb (क्रिया)

These are the action words that specify any action which is happening, has happened, or will happen.

e.g., Kunal writes a poem.

Here writes the action Kunal is performing.

Joiners in Parts of Speech

As the name suggests, joiners are used to join. But what they join depends upon their type and use. There are 2 types of Joiners in the English language that you will learn today in the Parts of Speech Hindi tutorial.

1. Conjunctions

These are words that join words or a group of words. E.g., Although, Because, If, While, Neither-nor, Either-or, But, Or, etc.

ये ऐसे शब्द हैं जो शब्दों या शब्दों के समूह को जोड़ते हैं

We will discuss about types of conjunctions in upcoming posts. 

2. Prepositions

Prepositions are another type of joiners. They also join words and sentences, but their function is quite different than that of conjunctions’. Prepositions are the words that join Nouns with other parts of a sentence.

In Hindi:

Prepositions वे शब्द हैं, जो Noun को वाक्य के अन्य भागों के साथ जोड़ते हैं। आप Prepositions के बारे में ऐसे शब्दों के रूप में समझ सकते हैं जो दूसरे शब्दों के बीच संबंधों को सूचित करते हैं।

For example, A postcard arrived for Subhash from Nidhi telling about her trip to Canada.

Here, for, from, about, and to are prepositions which are connecting respective nouns with other parts of a sentence. 

You can understand prepositions as words that indicate relationships between other words in a sentence or speech.

Modifiers

Modifiers are another important Parts of Speech. Their work is to modify Nouns and Verbs to improvise their use in a sentence. 

1. Adjectives

An adjective is a word or phrase that changes, modifies, or describes the meaning of a Noun or Pronoun in a sentence. Adjectives usually represent the quality, quantity, colour, size, etc. of a Noun.

Adjective वो शब्द हैं जो Noun को modify (संशोधित) करके उसका अर्थ परिवर्तित करते हैं। 

  • Ram is a good boy.
  • Did you lose your address book?
  • You are a very beautiful girl.

In the above sentences, Good, Address, & Very Beautiful are adjectives that modify the Noun and change its meaning.

उपरोक्त वाक्यों में Good, Address और Very Beautiful adjective हैं जो Noun को संशोधित करते हैं और उसका अर्थ बदलते हैं। Adjectives आमतौर पर संज्ञा की गुणवत्ता, मात्रा, रंग, आकार आदि को दर्शाते हैं।

Related: 100+ Hindi to English Translation Sentences

2. Adverbs

Adverbs का काम भी संशोधित करना है, लेकिन वे संज्ञा के बजाय क्रिया (Verb) को संशोधित (Modify) करते हैं. Adverbs are used to modify the verb. 

  • An adverb can modify, can change, or can be added to a verb.

e.g.,

  • Yesterday, we went to the beach
  • Baby slept soundly
  • I run often
  • I put the mousetrap there

Emotive

Emotive is used to express emotions or feelings.

1. Interjection

The exclamatory words or phrase that express feelings or emotions. विस्मयादिबोधक शब्द या वाक्यांश जो भावनाओं को व्यक्त करते हैं।

e.g., 

  • Wow!
  • My goodness!
  • What a cute baby!
  • What a beautiful day!

Article / Determiners

Articles or Determiners are also sometimes used as Parts of Speech. These are the words or phrases that occur together with a Noun and serve its reference. In short, these are used to determine or decides the reference to the Noun.

e.g., a, an, the, this, that, my, mine, etc.

Please note that officially you will find only 8 parts of the speech. But some books and some Grammarians include Article / Determiners as 9th Part of Speech. Mostly these are used as Adjective and Pronouns. कृपया ध्यान दें कि आधिकारिक तौर पर आपको 8 Parts of Speech मिलेंगे। लेकिन कुछ पुस्तकों और कुछ व्याकरणियों में Article / Determiners शामिल हैं। अधिकतर इनका उपयोग Adjective और Pronouns के रूप में किया जाता है।

Parts of Speech Hindi

So, friends, that was a quick introduction to the Parts of Speech in Hindi. After understanding the concept behind all speech components, it will become easier to create a sentence in the English language.

Now can you identify the Parts of Speech in the sentence below?

It is hard to find a good friend these days.

You can submit the answer by using the comment section below.

तो दोस्तों, यह Parts of Speech Hindi का quick introduction था। यदि आपने इसे अच्छी तरह से समझ लिया तो आप आसानी से English language में वाक्य बना सकते हैं। उपर दिए गये सवाल का जवाब कमेंट बोक्स के द्वारा submit करें।

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